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docc

Decent Tune-up

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A recurring theme with running issues of the V11 Moto Guzzi is that a decent tune-up often effects an amazing improvement. It is The First Place to start.

This past weekend, we collectively tuned two V11 in the garage of the South'n Spine Raid. Both bikes sounded fabulous after and the members have given good reports on the results.

While the *suggested* procedure is fresh in my mind, I figured to get the basics down. There are several ways to achieve a tune-up on a V11, some more time effective and some more elaborate. This one strikes a balance that is approachable by most owners with a little effort and a few tools.

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1) Valves/ Plugs: When cool (after the bike is off ~45 minutes), remove the plugs, adjust the valves to 0.006"/0.008" (.15mm/.20mm), then gap and install fresh plugs.

 

2) TPS Baseline: Using a Casper's TPS Breakout Harness (or equivalent), disconnect the right throttle linkage, release the upward facing slotted screw for the high idle cam, back out the difficult to reach 2.5mm hex-drive right-side idle stop set-screw, and clean the throttle butterfly, throttle return spring, and the underside of the throttle bodies (if necessary). It is critically important that the throttle plate is COMPLETELY closed and all of the above have been seen to!

Loosen the TPS fasteners only enough to tap it or budge it slightly, it is VERY sensitive.

Changing the TPS fasteners to standard hex drives (from the factory Torx) simplifies the process (M4-0.7 thread pitch x 17mm long).

With a quality voltmeter, connect the positive to the violet/black wire and the negative to the violet (the yellow is not used for this setting). Adjust the TPS to 157 mv (most accurate over the factory value of 150 mv). Realize the TPS value changes when it is tightened down, so just repeat until you're in range. Reconnect the throttle linkage and set the high idle cam so it just nudges the throttle when engaged. Leave the right-side idle stop backed out. (Some have found using both idle stop screws gives a more stable idle.)

(EDIT/May 2019): Having had two TPS go bad after 50,000-62,000 miles/ 79.000-100.000 km, it is simple enough to check the TPS when it is hooked up to the DVOM (Digital-Volt-Ohm-Meter) . Switch the DVOM to resistance in the 2000 Ohm range with the key off. Slowly and smoothly open and close the throttle body and observe for a smooth transition of increasing and decreasing resistance from the potentiometer (TPS). If there are jumps and glitches or drops and variations in the resistance, the TPS should be replaced. Be certain to set the DVOM back to > DC voltage < before baselining the TPS in millivolts or you'll think something is terribly wrong!

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3) CO Fuel Trim: Using guzzidiag software interface (or equivalent), connect your computer to the V11 with the two necessary diagnostic cables. Available from several sources, be certain the OBD cable is properly FTDI chipped.

      >> Check the Fuel Trim/ CO. If it is deep in the negative double digits, adjust it to zero. That may not be the exact AFR, but it will be immensely better than negative double digits or more (values of -27 to -128 have been reported!). Adjusting the Fuel Trim/CO with Guzzidiag requires the motor to be at operating temperature; simply follow the prompts on Guzzidiag.  (The CO Fuel Trim can also be set with TunerPro at any temperature, but that's beyond this basic procedure).

      >> Don't worry about any other shown values at this point.

      >> Lambda (oxygen sensor) equipped V11 must have the Lambda sensors turned off in TunerPro.

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4) Air Bypass Screws:  Turn the upward facing Throttle Body air bypass screws in all the way and back them out one full turn. It is quite common that the tips of these become very sooty along with the passageways. If you have the time and inclination, remove them and clean them and the passageways with some throttle body cleaner. Watch your eyes, Eugene! :o (There is only a captured O-ring on them and no spring or tiny ball waiting to exit the universe!)

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5) Throttle Body Balance: Bring the engine to operating temperature. Connect a suitable Throttle Body balance tool like "TwinMax," manometer, alcohol/Hg sticks or the equivalent to the vacuum taps at the junction of the heads. With the white Nylon knob on the left, balance the vacuum at two or three thousand RPM or so (not idle). Make certain the white knob does not interfere with the shock's reservoir or anything else. See that the throttle linkage rod does not foul the speedometer drive on the right side. If you open and close the bell crank of the left throttle body, be certain the cable seats itself back in the groove. [Consider a lock nut against the white knob per Dave Richardson/Guzziology.]  Some like to fine tune the idle balance using the air bypass screws, one in a little, one out a little to show good balance at idle.

 

6) Idle Speed: Let it idle and adjust the 2.5mm hex-drive left-side idle stop set-screw (easy to get to) to put the idle where you and your V11 are happy. Technically 1050+/- 50, I find mine *happier* a little higher (around 1150-1200+). Don't worry over the *degrees of opening* or the TPS idle voltage; seriously, just put the idle where the motor idles nicely for your conditions and liking.  Once  Steps 1-5 are set, you can put the idle anywhere you want. But you cannot start here.

 

 

 

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That's a "decent tune-up."   I prefer to tune *early & often* finding that even at 5,000 miles (8.000 km), the V11 runs sweeter after setting the valves, fresh plugs, and a throttle body balance.

 

There is a lot that could be added here, and many well informed owners and technicians do things differently, yet this fairly concise procedure has been shown to give very satisfying results with reasonable effort.

 

As always YMMV, for informational purposes only, and no small furry animals were harmed in the testing procedures. :rolleyes:

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It was a very cool thing to observe this weekend Docc (among other things :grin: ) Watching it happen makes it seem a lot more doable. Thanks for listing it.

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Great write up, docc. My V11, out of all the bikes I've owned, is the most sensitive to a tune up. It really is night and day.

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Thanks docc for posting this. I plan on tuning my V11 tomorrow, this just made it easier!!

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Docc ... re point 1) above - do you think that the motor would be "cool" enough to set valve clearance after being off for only 45 mins ..? I have always thought that an over-night cooling would be more appropriate ???

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On 9/12/2016 at 6:00 PM, Gio said:

Docc ... re point 1) above - do you think that the motor would be "cool" enough to set valve clearance after being off for only 45 mins ..? I have always thought that an over-night cooling would be more appropriate ???

Yeah, I was always told "stone cold", but I did some careful measurements using guzzidiag to monitor engine temperature and checked the valve lash over a period of time. I was surprised that the motor cooled 90% and the lash returned to the "stone cold" spec after just 40 minutes. A Very Experienced and well respected Guzzi owner/tech told me the same at this recent Spine Raid.

 

More detailed post here:

http://www.v11lemans.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=19137&p=205658

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The great thing about this discovery is that it removes the hassle of having to wait overnight to do this procedure. The six steps above can be performed in a couple hours tops.

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Links :nerd: and pics :pic: added. 

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Well Docc, as i'm sure you noticed, I was very apprehensive to have this done on my bike this past weekend, especially after you narrated the entire procedure in under 30 seconds, and most of it was "greek" to me. ;-)   But taking into consideration the collective Guzzi knowledge in that garage on Saturday night, I decided to go for it. Let's face it, I don't think there is a dealership in the world with that amount of expertise in our marque.

Took the Coppa for a short ride and it ran better then ever before. Will take it for an extended ride this weekend.

Thanks again.

Nick

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I just finished my tune up  on the Greenie as per your procedure docc.  I must say she is running much better than before. Hooked up Guzzidiag and checked the Fuel Trim/CO, I was surprised to see the setting at -67. Reset it to 0 and everything is fine. 

Thanks again docc.  :thumbsup:

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Hi docc, THX! for your time making this very cool how-to. I have a few q:

 

1) At step (2) "Leave the right side idle stop backed out." Then you never mention to change the position again... do we leave it this way?

 

2) At step (4) "Turn the upward facing Throttle Body air bypass screws in all the way and back them out one full turn." Manual states 1/2 turn... whats the difference to do it 1 full turn?

 

3) At step (5) you write: "Let it idle and adjust the 2.5mm left idle stop set screw (easy to get to) to put the idle where you and your V11 are happy". Some people and the workshop manual state that the one we should not change form original factory position is the left and only change the right one. Why you prefer the left one?

 

4) Casper's TPS Breakout Harness link is break... do you have the product Nº or other datail to find it out?

 

Again thanks for this forum and all your help!!!

 

best regards,

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:notworthy: nuevototem, thanks for the excellent questions! These will help make this thread more usable for all of us. 

 

1) Yes, leave the right side idle stop screw defeated, backed all the way out. It is the simplest to set the idle from the left side. The left idle stop screw will maintain both throttle bodies through the linkage rod.

    Some have reported such wear that turning the Right Idle Stop Screw in to index the right throttle body at idle gives them more stable idle. Do this as necessary.  "Fine tuning?"

 

2) Short answer? The V11 may "breathe better" at idle. The V11 Workshop Manual does state 1/2 turn.  "Micha's Method" also uses one full turn, as well as the 1100 Sporti? I've tried using the 1/2 turn repeatedly over my twenty-or-so tunes (plus other V11 I've tuned), and have found the idle more stable at one full turn, especially in high ambient temperatures.  It may be helpful to use the "air screws" to balance the Throttle Bodies at idle, once the Balance Knob is used to balance the Throttle Bodies at *some* rpm.  If the Air Screws are more than 1/4 turn different to balance at idle, there is some other problem. (More fine tuning).

 

3) The right side Throttle Body influences the TPS (Throttle Position Sensor) directly. Its baseline position establishes the ECU's index to the "map." Best results *may be* obtained using the right side to index the TPS (to the ECU) while the left side is used to set the synchronization and the desired idle speed. Notice that the entire linkage is tensioned from the left by the throttle cable.

 

4) I referenced danl's thread on his influence developing the TPS Breakout Harness with Casper's. What a fantastic contribution! Thanks for reporting the broken links. I'll have to work those out. I am intending to pin a dedicated Technical Topics thread on the Diagnostic Cables.  There are three necessary diagnostic cables and we must be able to source them worldwide over a span of time.

(EDIT: I replaced the Caspers link in Post #1 to go directly to the product. Thanks, nuevototem for the link!)

 

Thank you, again! I would like to use this time and everyone's contributions to clarify a simple, basic tune-up procedure, then pin it. :luigi:

 

Then, there will *always* be "Fine Tuning"  :sun:

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Revised Post #1, but cannot find the Caspers breakout harness now. Anyone?

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